PART – I
Earth and Planetary system; size, shape, internal
structure and composition of the earth; atmosphere and greenhouse effect;
isostasy; elements of seismology; pressure in deep interior of planets;
continents and continental processes; physical oceanography; paleomagnetism,
continental drift, plate tectonics.
Weathering; soil formation; action of river, wind and
glacier; oceans and oceanic features; earthquakes, volcanoes, orogeny and
mountain building; elements of structural geology; crystallography;
classification, composition and properties of minerals; elements of
petrology; engineering properties of rocks and soils, role of geology in the
construction of engineering structures.
Introductory processes of ore formation, broad occurrence
and distribution of ore deposits; coal and petroleum resources in India;
ground water geology geological time scale and geochronology; stratigraphic
principles and stratigraphy of India; basic concepts of gravity, magnetic
and electrical prospecting for ores and ground water.
PART – IIA: GEOLOGY
Crystal symmetry, forms, twinning; crystal chemistry;
optical mineralogy, classification of minerals, diagnostic physical and
optical properties of rock forming
Igneous rocks –
classification, forms and textures, magmatic differentiation; phase diagrams
and trace elements as monitors of magma evolutionary processes; mantle
melting models and derivation of primary magmas. Metamorphism: controlling
factors, metamorphic facies, grade and baric types; metamorphism of pelitic,
mafic and impure carbonate rocks; role of fluids in metamorphism;
metamorphic P-T-t paths and their tectonic significance; Igneous and
metamorphic provinces of India; structure and petrology of sedimentary
rocks; sedimentary processes and environments, sedimentary facies, basin
studies; association of igneous, sedimentary and metamorphic rocks with
Stress, strain and material response; brittle and ductile
deformation; primary and secondary structures; geometry and genesis of
folds, faults, joints, unconformities; cleavage, schistosity and lineation;
methods of projection, tectonites and their significance; shear zone;
superposed folding; basement cover relationship.
Morphology, classification and geological significance of
important invertebrates, vertebrates, microfossils and palaeoflora;
stratigraphic principles and Indian stratigraphy; geomorphic processes and
agents; development and evolution of landforms; slope and drainage; processes on
deep oceanic and near-shore regions; quantitative and applied geomorphology; air
photo interpretation and remote sensing; ore mineralogy and optical properties
of ore minerals; ore forming processes vis-à-vis ore-rock association (magmatic,
hydrothermal, sedimentary and metamorphogenic ores); ores and metamorphism;
fluid inclusions as an ore genetic tool; prospecting and exploration of economic
minerals; sampling, ore reserve estimation,
mining methods; coal and petroleum geology; origin and distribution of
mineral and fuel deposits in India; marine geology and ocean resources; ore
dressing and mineral economics.
Cosmic abundance; meteorites; geochemical evolution of the
earth; geochemical cycles; distribution of major, minor and trace elements;
elements of geochemical thermodynamics, isotope geochemistry; geochemistry of
waters including solution equilibria and water rock interaction.
Engineering properties of rocks and soils; rocks as
construction material; geology of dams; tunnels and excavation sites; natural
hazards; ground water geology and exploration and well hydraulics; water
quality; basic principles of remote sensing – energy sources and radiation
principles, atmospheric absorption, interaction of energy with various features
of the earth's surface. GIS – basic concepts, raster and vector mode operation,
digital processing of satellite images, visual and microwave remote sensing;
elements of Geostatistics
PART – II B: GEOPHYSICS
The earth as a planet; different motions of the earth;
gravity field of the earth and its shape; geochronology; seismology and interior
of the earth; variation of density, velocity, pressure, temperature, electrical
and magnetic properties of the earth; earthquakes-causes and measurements;
magnitude and intensity, focal mechanisms, earthquake quantification, source
characteristics, seismotectonics and seismic hazards; digital seismographs,
paleoseismology, geomagnetic field, paleomagnetism; oceanic and continental
lithosphere; plate tectonics; heat flow; upper and lower atmospheric phenomena.
Theories of scalar and vector potential fields; Laplace,
Maxwell and Helmholtz equations for solution of different types of boundary
value problems in Cartesian, cylindrical and spherical polar coordinates;
Green's theorem; Image theory; integral
equations and conformal transformations in potential theory; Eikonal equation
and Ray theory.
'G' and 'g' units of measurement, density of rocks,
gravimeters, Bouguer gravity formula, various corrections to gravity data, free
air, Bouguer and isostatic anomalies, regional and residual gravity separation,
upward and downward continuation, preparation and analysis of gravity maps;
gravity anomalies and their interpretation; calculation of mass, airborne,
shipborne and bore-hole gravity surveys.
Earth's magnetic field, units of measurement, magnetic
susceptibility of rocks, magnetometers, corrections, preparation of magnetic
maps, upward and downward continuation, magnetic anomalies and their
interpretation; magnetic anomalies and their interpretation.
Conduction of electricity through rocks, electrical
conductivities of metals, metallic, non-metallic and rock forming minerals,
D.C. resistivity units and methods of
measurement, electrode configuration for sounding and profiling, application
of filter theory, interpretation of resistivity field data, application;
self potential origin, classification, field measurement, interpretation of
induced polarization time frequency, phase domain; IP units and methods of
measurement, interpretation and application; ground-water exploration.
Origin of electromagnetic field, elliptic polarization,
methods of measurement for different sourcereceiver configuration components
in EM measurements, skin-depth, interpretation and applications; earth's
natural electromagnetic field, tellurics, magneto-tellurics; geomagnetic
depth sounding principles, electromagnetic profiling, methods of
measurement, processing of data and interpretation.
Seismic methods of prospecting: Reflection, refraction
and CDP surveys; land and marine seismic sources, generation and propagation
of elastic waves, velocity increasing with depth, geophones, hydrophones,
recording instruments (DFS), digital formats, field layouts, seismic noises
and noise profile analysis, optimum geophone grouping, noise cancellation by
shot and geophone arrays, 2D and 3D seismic data acquisition, processing and
interpretation; CDP stacking charts, binning, filtering, dip-moveout, static
and dynamic corrections, migration, signal processing, attribute analysis,
bright and dim spots, seismic stratigraphy, high resolution seismics, VSP,
Principles and techniques of geophysical well-logging,
SP, resistivity, induction, gamma ray, neutron, density, sonic, temperature,
dip meter, caliper, nuclear magnetic, cement
bond logging, micro-logs. Quantitative evaluation of formations from
well logs; well hydraulics and application of geophysical methods for
groundwater study; application of bore hole geophysics in ground water,
mineral and oil exploration.
Radioactive methods of prospecting and assaying of
minerals (radioactive and non radioactive) deposits, half-life, decay
constant, radioactive equilibrium, G M counter, scintillation detector,
semiconductor devices, application of radiometric for exploration and
radioactive waste disposal.
Geophysical signal processing, sampling theorem,
aliasing, Nyquist frequency, Fourier series, periodic waveform, Fourier and
Hilbert transform, Z-transform, power spectrum, delta function, auto
correlation, cross correlation, convolution, deconvolution, principles of
digital filters, windows, poles and zeros.
Geophysical inverse problems: non-uniqueness and
stability of solutions; quasi-linear and nonlinear methods including genetic
algorithms and artificial neural network.