Level Entrance Exam)
- AGRICULTURAL ENGINEERING
Algebra: Matrices and Determinants, Systems of linear equations, Eigen values
and eigen vectors. Calculus: Limit, continuity and differentiability; Partial
Derivatives; Maxima and minima; Sequences and series; Test for convergence;
Calculus: Gradient; Divergence and Curl; Line; surface and volume integrals;
Stokes, Gauss and Green's theorems.
Equations: Linear and non-linear first order ODEs; Higher order linear ODEs with
constant coefficients; Cauchy's and Euler's equations; Laplace transforms; PDEs
- Laplace , heat and wave equations.
and Statistics: Mean, median, mode and standard deviation; Random variables;
Poisson, normal and binomial distributions; Correlation and regression analysis.
Methods: Solutions of linear and non-linear algebraic equations; integration of
trapezoidal and Simpson's rule; single and multi-step methods for differential
MACHINERY AND POWER
of power on the farm-human, animal, mechanical, electrical, wind, solar and
biomass; bio-fuels; design and selection of machine elements - gears, pulleys,
chains and sprockets and belts; overload safety devices used in farm machinery;
measurement of force, torque, speed, displacement and acceleration on machine
tillage; forces acting on a tillage tool; hitch systems and hitching of tillage
implements; mechanics of animal traction; functional requirements, principles of
working, construction and operation of manual, animal and power operated
equipment for tillage, sowing, planting, fertilizer application,
inter-cultivation, spraying, mowing, chaff cutting, harvesting, threshing and
transport; testing of agricultural machinery and equipment; calculation of
performance parameters -field capacity, efficiency, application rate and losses;
cost analysis of implements and tractors
principles of I.C. engines; I.C. engine cycles; engine components; fuels and
combustion; lubricants and their properties; I.C. engine systems - fuel,
cooling, lubrication, ignition, electrical, intake and exhaust; selection,
operation, maintenance and repair of I.C. engines; power efficiencies and
measurement; calculation of power, torque, fuel consumption, heat load and power
and power tillers - type, selection, maintenance and repair; tractor clutches
and brakes; power transmission systems - gear trains, differential, final drives
and power take-off; mechanics of tractor chassis; traction theory; three point
hitches- free link and restrained link operations; mechanical steering and
hydraulic control systems used in tractors; human engineering and safety in
tractor design; tractor tests and performance.
WATER CONSERVATION ENGINEERING
and real fluids, properties of fluids; hydrostatic pressure and its measurement;
hydrostatic forces on plane and curved surface; continuity equation; Bernoulli's
theorem; laminar and turbulent flow in pipes, Darcy- Weisbach and Hazen-Williams
equations, Moody's diagram; flow through orifices and notches; flow in open
properties of soils; fundamental definitions and relationships; index properties
of soils; permeability and seepage analysis; shear strength, Mohr's circle of
stress, active and passive earth pressures; stability of slopes.
cycle; meteorological parameters and their measurement, analysis of
precipitation data; abstraction from precipitation; runoff; hydrograph analysis,
unit hydrograph theory and application; stream flow measurement; flood routing,
hydrological reservoir and channel routing.
of distance and area; chain surveying, methods of traversing; measurement of
angles and bearings, plane table surveying; types of levelling; contouring;
instruments for surveying and levelling; computation of earth work.
of soil erosion, soil erosion types; wind and water erosion; factors affecting
erosion; soil loss estimation; biological and engineering measures to control
erosion; terraces and bunds; vegetative waterways; gully control structures,
drop, drop inlet and chute spillways; earthen dams; water harvesting structures,
farm ponds, watershed management.
relationship, water requirement of crops; consumptive use and
evapotranspiration; irrigation scheduling; irrigation efficiencies; design of
irrigation channels; measurement of soil moisture, irrigation water and
infiltration; surface, sprinkler and drip methods of irrigation; design and
evaluation of irrigation methods.
coefficient; planning, design and layout of surface and sub-surface drainage
systems; leaching requirement and salinity control; irrigation and drainage
occurrence confined and unconfined aquifers, evaluation of aquifer properties;
well hydraulics; groundwater recharge.
of pumps; pump characteristics; pump selection and installation.
PROCESSING AND FOOD ENGINEERING
state heat transfer in conduction, convection and radiation; transient heat
transfer in simple geometry; condensation and boiling heat transfer; working
principles of heat exchangers; diffusive and convective mass transfer;
simultaneous heat and mass transfer in agricultural processing operations.
and energy balances in food processing systems; water activity, sorption and
desorption isotherms; centrifugal separation of solids, liquids and gases;
kinetics of microbial death - pasteurization and sterilization of liquid foods;
preservation of food by cooling and freezing; refrigeration and cold storage
basics and applications; psychrometry - properties of air-vapour mixture;
concentration and drying of liquid foods - evaporators, tray, drum and spray
and energy requirement in size reduction of granular solids; particle size
analysis for comminuted solids; size separation by screening; fluidization of
granular solids-pneumatic, bucket, screw and belt conveying; cleaning and
grading; Effectiveness of grain cleaners.
treatment, drying and milling of cereals, pulses and oilseeds; Processing of
seeds, spices, fruits and vegetables; By-product utilization from processing
and modified atmosphere storage; Perishable food storage, godowns, bins and