(Syllabus) CBSE: All India Engineering Entrance Examination (AIEEE)
"Physics"
The syllabus contains two Sections - A and B. Section - A pertains to the Theory
Part having 80% weightage, while Section - B contains Practical Component
(Experimental Skills) having 20% weightage.
:: SECTION – A ::
Unit 1: Physics and Measurement:
Physics, technology and society, S I units, Fundamental and
derived units. Least count, accuracy and precision of measuring instruments,
Errors in measurement, Dimensions of Physical quantities, dimensional analysis
and its applications.
Unit 2: Kinematics:
Frame of reference. Motion in a straight line: Position-time
graph, speed and velocity. Uniform and non-uniform motion, average speed and
instantaneous velocity Uniformly accelerated motion, velocity-time,
position-time graphs, relations for uniformly accelerated motion. Scalars and
Vectors, Vector addition and Subtraction, Zero Vector, Scalar and Vector
products, Unit Vector, Resolution of a Vector. Relative Velocity, Motion in a
plane, Projectile Motion, Uniform Circular Motion.
Unit 3: Laws of Motion:
Force and Inertia, Newton’s First Law of motion; Momentum,
Newton’s Second Law of motion; Impulse; Newton’s Third Law of motion. Law of
conservation of linear momentum and its applications, Equilibrium of concurrent
forces. Static and Kinetic friction, laws of friction, rolling friction.
Dynamics of uniform circular motion: Centripetal force and its applications.
Unit 4: Work, Energy and Power:
Work done by a constant force and a variable force; kinetic
and potential energies, workenergy theorem, power. Potential energy of a spring,
conservation of mechanical energy, conservative and nonconservative forces;
Elastic and inelastic collisions in one and two dimensions.
Unit 5: Rotational Motion:
Centre of mass of a two-particle system, Centre of mass of a
rigid body; Basic concepts of rotational motion; moment of a force, torque,
angular momentum, conservation of angular momentum and its applications; moment
of inertia, radius of gyration. Values of moments of inertia for simple
geometrical objects, parallel and perpendicular axes theorems and their
applications. Rigid body rotation, equations of rotational motion.
Unit 6: Gravitation:
The universal law of gravitation. Acceleration due to gravity
and its variation with altitude and depth. Kepler’s laws of planetary motion.
Gravitational potential energy; gravitational potential. Escape velocity.
Orbital velocity of a satellite. Geo-stationary satellites.
Unit 7: Properties of Solids and Liquids:
Elastic behaviour, Stress-strain relationship, Hooke’s Law,
Young’s modulus, bulk modulus, modulus of rigidity. Pressure due to a fluid
column; Pascal’s law and its applications. Viscosity, Stokes’ law, terminal
velocity, streamline and turbulent flow, Reynolds number. Bernoulli’s principle
and its applications. Surface energy and surface tension, angle of contact,
application of surface tension - drops, bubbles and capillary rise. Heat,
temperature, thermal expansion; specific heat capacity, calorimetry; change of
state, latent heat. Heat transfer conduction, convection and radiation, Newton’s
law of cooling.
Unit 8: Thermodynamics:
Thermal equilibrium, zeroth law of thermodynamics, concept of
temperature. Heat, work and internal energy. First law of thermodynamics. Second
law of thermodynamics: reversible and irreversible processes. Carnot engine and
its efficiency.
Unit 9: Kinetic Theory of Gases:
Equation of state of a perfect gas, work doneon compressing a
gas.Kinetic theory of gases - assumptions, concept of pressure. Kinetic energy
and temperature: rms speed of gas molecules; Degrees of freedom, Law of
equipartition of energy,applications to specific heat capacities of gases; Mean
free path, Avogadro’s number.
Unit 10: Oscillations and Waves:
Periodic motion - period, frequency, displacement as a
function of time. Periodic functions. Simple harmonic motion (S.H.M.) and its
equation; phase; oscillations of a spring -restoring force and force constant;
energy in S.H.M. - kinetic and potential energies; Simple pendulum - derivation
of expression for its time period; Free, forced and damped oscillations,
resonance. Wave motion. Longitudinal and transverse waves, speed of a wave.
Displacement relation for a progressive wave. Principle of superposition of
waves, reflection of waves, Standing waves in strings and organ pipes,
fundamental mode and harmonics, Beats, Doppler effect in sound
Unit 11: Electrostatics:
Electric charges: Conservation of charge, Coulomb’s
law-forces between two point charges, forces between multiple charges;
superposition principle and continuous charge distribution. Electric field:
Electric field due to a point charge, Electric field lines, Electric dipole,
Electric field due to a dipole, Torque on a dipole in a uniform electric field.
Electric flux, Gauss’s law and its applications to find field due to infinitely
long uniformly charged straight wire, uniformly charged infinite plane sheet and
uniformly charged thin spherical shell. Electric potential and its calculation
for a point charge, electric dipole and system of charges; Equipotential
surfaces, Electrical potential energy of a system of two point charges in
an electrostatic field. Conductors and insulators, Dielectrics and electric
polarization, capacitor, combination of capacitors in series and in parallel,
capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor with and without dielectric
medium between the plates, Energy stored in a capacitor.
Unit 12: Current Electricity:
Electric current, Drift velocity, Ohm’s law, Electrical
resistance, Resistances of different materials, V-I characteristics of Ohmic and
nonohmic conductors, Electrical energy and power, Electrical resistivity, Colour
code for resistors; Series and parallel combinations of resistors; Temperature
dependence of resistance. Electric Cell and its Internal resistance,
potential difference and emf of a cel l, combination of cells in series and in
paral lel. Kirchhoff’s laws and their applications. Wheatstone bridge, Metre
bridge. Potentiometer - principle and its applicat ions.
Unit 13: Magnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism:
Biot - Savart law and its application to current carrying
circular loop. Ampere’s law and its applications to infinitely long current
carrying straight wire and solenoid. Force on a moving charge in uniform
magnetic and electric fields. Cyclotron. Force on a current-carrying conductor
in a uniform magnetic field. Force between two parallel current-carrying
conductors-definition of ampere. Torque experienced by a current loop in uniform
magnetic field; Moving coil galvanometer, its current sensitivity and conversion
to ammeter and voltmeter. Current loop as a magnetic dipole and its magnetic
dipole moment. Bar magnet as an equivalent solenoid, magnetic field lines;
Earth’s magnetic field and magnetic elements. Para-, dia- and ferro- magnetic
substances. Magnetic susceptibility and permeability, Hysteresis, Electromagnets
and permanent magnets.
Unit 14: Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents:
Electromagnetic induction; Faraday’s law, induced emf and
current; Lenz’s Law, Eddy currents. Self and mutual inductance. Alternating
currents, peak and rms value of alternating current/ voltage; reactance and
impedance; LCR series circuit, resonance; Quality factor, power in AC circuits,
wattless current. AC generator and transformer.
Unit 15: Electromagnetic Waves:
Electromagnetic waves and their characteristics. Transverse
nature of electromagnetic waves. Electromagnetic spectrum (radio waves,
microwaves, infrared, visible, ultraviolet, Xrays, gamma rays). Applications of
e.m. waves.
Unit 16: Optics:
Reflection and refraction of light at plane and spherical
surfaces, mirror formula, Total internal reflection and its applications,
Deviation and Dispersion of light by a prism, Lens Formula, Magnification, Power
of a Lens, Combination of thin lenses in contact, Microscope and Astronomical
Telescope (reflecting and refracting) and their magnifyingpowers. Wave optics:
wavefront and Huygens’ principle, Laws of reflection and refraction using
Huygen’s principle. Interference, Young’s double slit experiment and expression
for fringe width. Diffraction due to a single slit, width of central maximum.
Resolving power of microscopes and astronomical telescopes, Polarisation, plane
polarized light; Brewster’s law, uses of plane polarized light and
Polaroids.
Unit 17: Dual Nature of Matter and Radiation:
Dual nature of radiation. Photoelectric ef fect , Hertz and
Lenard’s observat ions; Einstein’s photoelectric equation; part icle nature of
light . Matter waves-wave nature of part icle, de Broglie relation.
Davisson-Germer experiment.
Unit 18: Atoms and Nuclei:
Alpha-particle scattering experiment; Rutherford’s model of
atom; Bohr model, energy levels, hydrogen spectrum. Composition and size of
nucleus, atomic masses, isotopes, isobars; isotones. Radioactivity- lpha, beta
and gamma particles/rays and their properties; radioactive decay law.
Mass-energy relation, mass defect; binding energy per nucleon and its variation
with mass number, nuclear fission and fusion.