(Syllabus) AIEEE PHYSICS SYLLABUS  2008
AIEEE2008
PHYSICS SYLLABUS
The
syllabus contains two Sections  A & B.
Section  A pertains to the Theory Part, having 80% weightage, while
Section  B contains Practical Component (Experimental Skills) having 20% weightage.
SECTION
 A
Unit – I: Physics and Measurement
Physics, technology and society, S I units, Fundamental and derived units.
Least count, accuracy and precision of measuring instruments, Errors in
measurement, Significant figures. Dimensions of Physical quantities, dimensional
analysis and its applications.
Unit – II: Kinematics
Frame of reference. Motion in a
straight line: Positiontime graph, speed and velocity. Uniform
and nonuniform motion, average speed and instantaneous velocity Uniformly
accelerated motion, velocitytime, positiontime graphs, relations for uniformly
accelerated motion. Scalars
and Vectors, Vector addition and Subtraction, Zero Vector, Scalar and Vector
products, Unit Vector, Resolution of a Vector.
Relative Velocity, Motion in a plane, Projectile
Motion, Uniform Circular Motion.
Unit  III: Laws of Motion
Force and Inertia, Newton's First Law
of motion; Momentum, Newton's Second Law of motion;
Impulse; Newton's Third Law of motion. Law of conservation of linear momentum
and its applications, Equilibrium of concurrent forces. Static
and Kinetic friction, laws of friction, rolling friction. Dynamics
of uniform circular motion: Centripetal force and its applications.
Unit IV: Work, Energy and Power
Work done by a constant force and a
variable force; kinetic and potential energies, work energy theorem,
power. Potential energy of a spring,
conservation of mechanical energy, conservative and no conservative
forces; Elastic and inelastic collisions in one
and two dimensions.
Unit – V: Rotational Motion
Center of mass of a twoparticle
system, Center of mass of a rigid body; Basic concepts of
rotational motion; moment of a force, torque, angular momentum, conservation of
angular momentum and its applications; moment of
inertia, radius of gyration. Values of moments
of inertia for simple geometrical objects, parallel and perpendicular axes
theorems and their applications. Rigid
body rotation, equations of rotational motion.
Unit –VI: Gravitation
The universal law of gravitation.
Acceleration due to gravity and its variation with
altitude and depth. Kepler's laws of
planetary motion. Gravitational potential
energy; gravitational potential. Escape
velocity. Orbital velocity of a satellite. Geostationary satellites.
Unit  VII: Properties of Solids and
Liquids
Elastic behaviour, Stressstrain
relationship, Hooke's. Law, Young's modulus,
bulk modulus, modulus of rigidity. Pressure
due to a fluid column; Pascal's law and its applications. Viscosity,
Stokes' law, terminal velocity, streamline and turbulent flow, Reynolds number.
Bernoulli's principle and its applications.
Surface energy and surface tension, angle of
contact, application of surface tension  drops,
bubbles and capillary rise. Heat,
temperature, thermal expansion; specific heat capacity, calorimetry; change of
state, latent heat. Heat
transferconduction, convection and radiation, Newton’s law of cooling.
Unit –VIII: Thermodynamics
Thermal equilibrium, zeroth law of
thermodynamics, concept of temperature. Heat, work and
internal energy. First law of thermodynamics. Second
law of thermodynamics: reversible and irreversible processes. Camot engine
and its efficiency.
Unit IX: Kinetic Theory of Gases
Equation of state of a perfect gas,
work done on compressing a gas. Kinetic
theory of gases  assumptions, concept of pressure. Kinetic energy and temperature:
rms speed of gas molecules; Degrees of freedom, Law of equipartition of energy,
applications to specific heat capacities of gases; Mean free path, Avogadro's
number.
Unit –X: Oscillations and Waves
Periodic motion  period, frequency, displacement as a function of time.
Periodic functions. Simple harmonic motion
(S.H.M.) and its equation; phase; oscillations of a spring
 restoring force and force constant; energy in S.H.M.  kinetic and potential
energies; Simple pendulum  derivation of
expression for its time period; Free, forced and
damped oscillations, resonance. Wave
motion. Longitudinal and transverse waves, speed of a wave. Displacement relation
for a progressive wave. Principle of superposition of waves, reflection of
waves, Standing waves in strings and organ
pipes, fundamental mode and harmonics, Beats, Doppler
effect in sound.
Unit  XI: Electrostatics
Electric charges: Conservation of
charge, Coulomb's lawforces between two point charges,
forces between multiple charges; superposition principle and continuous charge
distribution. Electric field: Electric
field due to a point charge, Electric field lines, Electric dipole, Electric
field due to a dipole, Torque on a dipole in a uniform electric field. Electric
flux, Gauss’s law and its applications to find field due to infinitely long,
uniformly charged straight wire, uniformly
charged infinite plane sheet and uniformly charged thin spherical
shell. Electric potential and its
calculation for a point charge, electric dipole and system of charges;
Equipotential surfaces, Electrical potential energy of a system of two point
charges in an electrostatic field. Conductors
and insulators, Dielectrics and electric polarization, capacitor, combination of
capacitors in series and in parallel, capacitance
of a parallel plate capacitor with and without
dielectric medium between the plates, Energy stored in a capacitor.
Unit  XII: Currrent Electricity
Electric current, Drift velocity, Ohm's
law, Electrical resistance, Resistances of different materials,
VI characteristics of Ohmic and nonohmic conductors, Electrical energy and
power, Electrical resistivity, Colour code for
resistors; Series and parallel combinations of
resistors; Temperature dependence of resistance. . Electric
Cell and its Internal resistance, potential difference and emf of a cell,
combination of cells in series and in parallel.
Kirchhoff's laws and their applications.
Wheatstone bridge, Metre bridge. Potentiometer
 principle and its applications.
Unit  XIII: Magnetic Effects of Current
and Magnetism
Biot  Savart law and its application
to current carrying circular loop. Ampere's
law and its applications to infinitely long current carrying straight
wire and solenoid. Force on a moving charge
in uniform magnetic and electric fields. Cyclotron. Force
on a currentcarrying conductor in a uniform magnetic field. Force between two
parallel currentcarrying conductorsdefinition of
ampere. Torque experienced by a current
loop in uniform magnetic field; Moving coil galvanometer, its current
sensitivity and conversion to ammeter and
voltmeter. Current loop as a magnetic
dipole and its magnetic dipole moment. Bar magnet as an equivalent
solenoid, magnetic field lines; Earth’s magnetic field and magnetic elements.
Para, dia and ferro magnetic substances Magnetic
susceptibility and permeability, Hysteresis, Electromagnets and permanent
magnets.
UnitXIV: Electromagnetic Induction and
Alternating Currents
Electromagnetic induction; Faraday's
law, induced emf and current; Lenz's Law, Eddy currents.
Self and mutual inductance. Alternating
currents, peak and rms value of alternating current/ voltage; reactance and
impedance; LCR series circuit, resonance; Quality
factor, power in AC circuits, wattless current.
AC generator and transformer.
Unit – XV: Electromagnetic Waves
Electromagnetic waves and their
characteristics. Transverse nature of electromagnetic waves. Electromagnetic
spectrum (radio waves, microwaves, infrared, visible, ultraviolet, Xrays,
gamma rays). Applications of e.m. waves .
Unit – XVI: Optics
Reflection and refraction of light at
plane and spherical surfaces, mirror formula, Total internal
reflection and its applications, Deviation and Dispersion of light by a prism,
Lens Formula, Magnification, Power of a
Lens, Combination of thin lenses in contact, Microscope
and Astronomical Telescope (reflecting and refracting) and their magnifying
powers. Wave
optics: wavefront and Huygens' principle, Laws of reflection and refraction
using Huygen's principle. Interference,
Young's double slit experiment and expression for fringe
width, coherent sources and sustained interference of light. Diffraction due to
a single slit, width of central maximum.
Resolving power of microscopes and astronomical telescopes,
Polarisation, plane polarized light; Brewster's law, uses of plane polarized
light and Polaroids.
UnitXVII: Dual Nature of Matter and
Radiation
Dual nature of radiation. Photoelectric
effect, Hertz and Lenard’s observations; Einstein’s photoelectric
equation; particle nature of light. Matter
waveswave nature of particle, de Broglie relation. DavissonGermer experiment.
Unit  XVIII: Atoms and Nuclei
Alphaparticle scattering experiment;
Rutherford's model of atom; Bohr model, energy levels,
hydrogen spectrum. Composition and size of
nucleus, atomic masses, isotopes, isobars; isotones. Radioactivityalpha,
beta and gamma particles/rays and their properties; radioactive decay
law. Massenergy relation, mass defect; binding energy per nucleon and its
variation with mass number, nuclear fission and
fusion.
Unit – XIX: Electronic Devices
Semiconductors; semiconductor diode:
IV characteristics in forward and reverse bias; diode
as a rectifier; IV characteristics of LED, photodiode, solar cell, and Zener
diode; Zener diode as a voltage regulator.
Junction transistor, transistor action, characteristics of
a transistor; transistor as an amplifier (common emitter configuration) and
oscillator. Logic gates (OR, AND, NOT, NAND
and NOR). Transistor as a switch.
Unit – XX: Communication Systems
Propagation of electromagnetic waves in
the atmosphere; Sky and space wave propagation,
Need for modulation, Amplitude and Frequency Modulation, Bandwidth of signals,
Bandwidth of Transmission medium, Basic Elements of a Communication System
(Block Diagram only).
SECTIONB
EXPERIMENTAL SKILLS
Familiarity
with the basic approach and observations of the experiments and activities:
1. Vernier callipersits use to measure internal and external diameter and
depth of a vessel.
2. Screw gaugeits use to determine thickness/diameter of thin sheet/wire.
3. Simple Pendulumdissipation of energy by plotting a graph between square of
amplitude and time.
4. Metre Scale  mass of a given object by principle of moments.
5. Young’s modulus of elasticity of the material of a metallic wire.
6. Surface tension of water by capillary rise and effect of detergents.
7. Coefficient of Viscosity of a given viscous liquid by measuring terminal
velocity of a given spherical body.
8. Plotting a cooling curve for the relationship between the temperature of a
hot body and time.
9. Speed of sound in air at room temperature using a resonance tube.
10. Specific heat capacity of a given (i) solid and (ii) liquid by method of
mixtures.
11. Resistivity of the material of a given wire using metre bridge.
12. Resistance of a given wire using Ohm’s law.
13. Potentiometer –
(i) Comparison of emf of two primary cells.
(ii) Determination of internal resistance of a cell.
14. Resistance and figure of merit of a galvanometer by half deflection method.
15. Focal length of:
(i) Convex mirror
(ii) Concave mirror, and
(iii) Convex lens
16. using parallax method. Plot of angle of deviation vs angle of incidence for
a triangular prism.
17. Refractive index of a glass slab using a travelling microscope.
18. Characteristic curves of a pn junction diode in forward and reverse bias.
19. Characteristic curves of a Zener diode and finding reverse break down
voltage.
20. Characteristic curves of a transistor and finding current gain and voltage
gain.
21. Identification of Diode, LED, Transistor, IC, Resistor, Capacitor from mixed
collection of such items.
22. Using multimeter to:

(i) Identify base of a transistor

(ii) Distinguish between npn and pnp type transistor

(iii) See the unidirectional flow of current in case of a diode and an LED.

(iv) Check the correctness or otherwise of a given electronic component (diode, transistor or IC).
Courtesy:aieee.nic.in